The changes in the migration patterns in the post-Soviet states: the first decade

Andrei V. Korobkov, Zhanna A. Zaionchkovskaia

Abstract: Following a short-term burst of migration activity after the dissolution of the USSR, the current situation is marked by the unusually low population territorial mobility, defined by both the political and, increasingly, the socioeconomic factors. While this trend indicates some degree of minority accommodation, it also demonstrates the depth of economic crisis and increasing socioeconomic differentiation. Visible also is the disproportionate influence exercised by Russia on the formation of migration flows in the region. Remaining the major recipient of migrants, Russia increasingly plays a role of supplier of labor migrants to the West, and acts as a "bridge" for those attempting to reach Western Europe. Meanwhile, Russia still lacks an effective legislative base, institutional mechanisms, and political will for dealing with the new migration flows..

Keywords: Labor migration; Illegal migration; Labor market; Social policy; Commonwealth of Independent States; Russia

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Communist and Post-Communist Studies 37 (2004) 481-508